Fortified deutsch

fortified deutsch

fortified - Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch. Stichwörter und Wendungen sowie Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'fortified' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „fortified“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: fortified wine, fortified for distillation.

The Ancient Egyptians also built fortresses on the frontiers of the Nile Valley to protect against invaders from neighbouring territories.

Many of the fortifications of the ancient world were built with mud brick, often leaving them no more than mounds of dirt for today's archaeologists.

A massive prehistoric stone wall surrounded the ancient temple of Ness of Brodgar BC in Scotland. Named the "Great Wall of Brodgar" it was four metres thick and four metres tall.

The wall had some symbolic or ritualistic function. Some settlements in the Indus Valley Civilization were also fortified.

By about BC, hundreds of small farming villages dotted the Indus floodplain. Many of these settlements had fortifications and planned streets.

The stone and mud brick houses of Kot Diji were clustered behind massive stone flood dykes and defensive walls, for neighbouring communities bickered constantly about the control of prime agricultural land.

In Bronze Age Malta , some settlements also began to be fortified. Exceptions were few—notably, ancient Sparta and ancient Rome did not have walls for a long time, choosing to rely on their militaries for defence instead.

Initially, these fortifications were simple constructions of wood and earth, which were later replaced by mixed constructions of stones piled on top of each other without mortar.

In classical era Greece , the city of Athens built two parallel stone walls, called the Long Walls , that reached their fortified seaport at Piraeus a few miles away.

In Central Europe , the Celts built large fortified settlements known as oppida , whose walls seem partially influenced by those built in the Mediterranean.

The fortifications were continuously being expanded and improved. Around BC, in Heuneburg , Germany, forts were constructed with a limestone foundation supported by a mudbrick wall approximately 4 metres tall, probably topped by a roofed walkway, thus reaching a total height of 6 metres.

The wall was clad with lime plaster, regularly renewed. Towers protruded outwards from it. The Oppidum of Manching German: Oppidum von Manching was a large Celtic proto-urban or city-like settlement at modern-day Manching near Ingolstadt , Bavaria Germany.

The settlement was founded in the 3rd century BC and existed until c. At that time, 5, to 10, people lived within its 7.

The oppidum of Bibracte is another example of a Gaulish fortified settlement. The walls enclosed all the seven hills of Rome plus the Campus Martius and, on the right bank of the Tiber , the Trastevere district.

The river banks within the city limits appear to have been left unfortified, although they were fortified along the Campus Martius. The walls were constructed in brick-faced concrete, 3.

By AD, the circuit possessed towers, 7, crenellations , 18 main gates, 5 postern gates , latrines , and 2, large external windows. The Romans fortified their cities with massive, mortar-bound stone walls.

The most famous of these are the largely extant Aurelian Walls of Rome and the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople , together with partial remains elsewhere.

Numerous Indus Valley Civilization sites exhibit evidences of fortifications. While Dholavira has stone-built fortification walls, Harrapa is fortified using baked bricks; sites such as Kalibangan exhibit mudbrick fortifications with bastions and Lothal has a quadrangular fortified layout.

Evidence also suggested of fortifications in Mohenjo-daro. Even a small town — for instance, Kotada Bhadli, exhibiting sophisticated fortification-like bastions — shows that nearly all major and minor towns of the Indus Valley Civilization were fortified.

The earliest vedic brick fortification occurs in one of the stupa mounds of Lauria Nandangarh, which is 1. A large majority of forts in India are in North India.

Large tempered earth i. Although stone walls were built in China during the Warring States — BC , mass conversion to stone architecture did not begin in earnest until the Tang dynasty — AD.

The Great Wall of China had been built since the Qin dynasty — BC , although its present form was mostly an engineering feat and remodelling of the Ming dynasty — AD.

In addition to the Great Wall, a number of Chinese cities also employed the use of defensive walls to defend their cities.

The famous walls of the Forbidden City in Beijing were established in the early 15th century by the Yongle Emperor. The Forbidden City made up the inner portion of the Beijing city fortifications.

The Ivatan people of the northern islands of Batanes often built fortifications to protect themselves during times of war. They built their so-called idjangs on hills and elevated areas.

Usually, the only entrance to the castles would be via a rope ladder that would only be lowered for the villagers and could be kept away when invaders arrived.

The Igorots built forts made of stone walls that averaged several meters in width and about two to three times the width in height around BC.

With the arrival of Muslim scholars from nearby Indonesia , the native Filipinos were introduced to the concept of the Kota or fort. The Muslim Filipinos of the south built strong fortresses called kota or moong to protect their communities.

Usually, many of the occupants of these kotas are entire families rather than just warriors. Lords often had their own kotas to assert their right to rule, it served not only as a military installation but as a palace for the local Lord.

It is said that at the height of the Maguindanao Sultanate's power, they blanketed the areas around Western Mindanao with Kotas and other fortifications to block the Spanish advance into the region.

These kotas were usually made of stone and bamboo or other light materials and surrounded by trench networks. As a result, some of these kotas were burned easily of destroyed.

With further Spanish campaigns in the region, the Sultanate was subdued and majority of Kotas dismantled or destroyed. Kotas were not only used by the Muslims as defense against Spaniards and other foreigners, renegades and rebels also built fortifications in defiance of other chiefs in the area.

Of all the buildings within the acre city, only one building, the San Agustin Church, survived the war. During Muhammad's era in Arabia, many tribes made use of fortifications.

In the Battle of the Trench , the largely outnumbered defenders of Medina, mainly Muslims led by Islamic prophet Muhammad , dug a trench, which together with Medina's natural fortifications, rendered the confederate cavalry consisting of horses and camels useless, locking the two sides in a stalemate.

Hoping to make several attacks at once, the confederates persuaded the Medina-allied Banu Qurayza to attack the city from the south.

However, Muhammad's diplomacy derailed the negotiations, and broke up the confederacy against him. The well-organized defenders, the sinking of confederate morale, and poor weather conditions caused the siege to end in a fiasco.

During the Siege of Ta'if in January , [25] Muhammad ordered his followers to attack enemies who fled from the Battle of Hunayn and sought refuge in the fortress of Taif.

These cities were only rarely protected by simple stone walls and more usually by a combination of both walls and ditches. From the 12th century hundreds of settlements of all sizes were founded all across Europe, which very often obtained the right of fortification soon afterwards.

The founding of urban centres was an important means of territorial expansion and many cities, especially in eastern Europe , were founded precisely for this purpose during the period of Eastern Colonisation.

These cities are easy to recognise due to their regular layout and large market spaces. The fortifications of these settlements were continuously improved to reflect the current level of military development.

During the Renaissance era , the Venetian Republic raised great walls around cities threatened by the Ottoman Empire. The finest examples are, among others, in Nicosia Cyprus and Palmanova Italy , which proved to be futile but still stand to this day.

Medieval-style fortifications were largely made obsolete by the arrival of cannons on the 14th century battlefield. Walls exposed to direct cannon fire were very vulnerable, so were sunk into ditches fronted by earth slopes.

This placed a heavy emphasis on the geometry of the fortification to allow defensive cannonry interlocking fields of fire to cover all approaches to the lower and thus more vulnerable walls.

The evolution of this new style of fortification can be seen in transitional forts such as Sarzanello [28] in North West Italy which was built between and Sarzanello consists of both crenellated walls with towers typical of the medieval period but also has a ravelin like angular gun platform screening one of the curtain walls which is protected from flanking fire from the towers of the main part of the fort.

Another example are the fortifications of Rhodes which were frozen at so that Rhodes is the only European walled town that still shows the transition between the classical medieval fortification and the modern ones.

Im Web und als APP. Die Vokabel wurde gespeichert, jetzt sortieren? Der Eintrag wurde im Forum gespeichert. LEO uses cookies in order to facilitate the fastest possible website experience with the most functions.

In some cases cookies from third parties are also used. Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. The hotline between North and Sourt Korea has also been used to co-ordinate the passage of p….

Nach dem ausgiebigen Mahl fühlte ich mich gestärkt Denke ich habe so was bei Wodehouse geles…. Fortified wines Heisst dies: Madeira is a fortified wine made in the Madeira Islands.

The wine is produced in a variety of styles ranging from dry wines which can be consumed on their own as an aperitif , to sweet wines more usually consumed with dessert.

Madeira is deliberately heated and oxidised as part of its maturation process, resulting in distinctive flavours and an unusually long lifespan once a bottle is opened.

Marsala wine is a wine from Sicily that is available in both fortified and unfortified versions. The wine is made primarily from the Muscat of Alexandria grape and typically fortified with aguardente.

Port wine also known simply as Port is a fortified wine from the Douro Valley in the northern provinces of Portugal.

Sherry is a fortified wine made from white grapes that are grown near the town of Jerez , Spain. The word "sherry" itself is an anglicisation of Jerez.

In earlier times, sherry was known as sack from the Spanish saca , meaning "a removal from the solera ".

After fermentation is complete, sherry is fortified with brandy. Because the fortification takes place after fermentation, most sherries are initially dry, with any sweetness being added later.

In contrast, port wine for example is fortified halfway through its fermentation, which stops the process so that not all of the sugar is turned into alcohol.

Sherry is produced in a variety of styles, ranging from dry, light versions such as finos to much darker and sometimes sweeter versions known as olorosos.

Vermouth is a fortified wine flavoured with aromatic herbs and spices "aromatised" in the trade using closely guarded recipes trade secrets.

Some of the herbs and spices used may include cardamom , cinnamon , marjoram and chamomile. The person credited with the second vermouth recipe, Antonio Benedetto Carpano from Turin , Italy , chose to name his concoction "vermouth" in because he was inspired by a German wine flavoured with wormwood , an herb most famously used in distilling absinthe.

However, wine flavoured with wormwood goes back to ancient Rome. The modern German word Wermut Wermuth in the spelling of Carpano's time means both wormwood and vermouth.

The herbs were originally used to mask raw flavours of cheaper wines, [11] imparting a slightly medicinal "tonic" flavor.

Vins doux naturels are lightly fortified wines typically made from white Muscat grapes or red Grenache grapes in the south of France. The production of vins doux naturels was perfected by Arnaud de Villeneuve at the University of Montpellier in the 13th century and they are now quite common in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France.

Inexpensive fortified wines, such as Thunderbird and Wild Irish Rose, became popular during the Great Depression for their relatively high alcohol content.

The term wino was coined during this period to describe impoverished people who drank these wines solely for their inebriating effect.

Gwaha-ju is a fortified rice wine made in Korea. Fortified wines are often termed dessert wines in the United States to avoid association with hard drinking.

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Zur mobilen Version wechseln. Beispiele für die Übersetzung angereichert ansehen Adjektiv 18 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Sie können aber jederzeit auch unangemeldet das Forum durchsuchen. The organically bound halogens are fortified in the test sample using extraction or adsorption. Beispiele für die Übersetzung angereicherter ansehen 7 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Die organisch gebundenen Halogene werden durch Extraktion oder Adsorption in der Messprobe angereichert. These can be visited in towns such as Figueira do Castelo, Pinhel and Almeida. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. English And it is owing to pursuit of profit that we now feed our cows cattle feed fortified with animal bonemeal. Medard, began, which still exists today. We are sorry for the inconvenience. Sie können aber jederzeit auch unangemeldet das Forum durchsuchen. Beispiele für die Übersetzung angereicherter ansehen 7 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Reverso beitreten Registrieren Einloggen Mit Facebook einloggen. Nach dem ausgiebigen Mahl fühlte ich mich gestärkt Denke ich habe so was bei Pgl major geles…. Der Eintrag wurde im Forum gespeichert. Beispiele, die verstärktes enthalten, ansehen 14 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen verstärkt.

The term wino was coined during this period to describe impoverished people who drank these wines solely for their inebriating effect.

Gwaha-ju is a fortified rice wine made in Korea. Fortified wines are often termed dessert wines in the United States to avoid association with hard drinking.

Exemptions are allowed for certain quality liqueur wines. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with flavored fortified wines.

Wine portal Liquor portal. The Oxford Companion to Wine 3rd ed. The Wordsworth Dictionary of Drink: An A-Z of Alcoholic Beverages.

Thomas Jefferson on Wine. Oxford University Press, , s. Archived from the original on June 6, Frommer's Portugal 16th ed.

The secret ingredient in today's top cocktails remains misunderstood". The San Francisco Chronicle. Baxevanis 1 January Kevin Zraly's American Wine Guide.

Encyclopedia of Consumer Brands: Encyclopedia of Korean Culture in Korean. Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 12 March Sullivan 1 September A Companion to California Wine: University of California Press.

The term is derived from the Latin fortis "strong" and facere "to make". From very early history to modern times, walls have often been necessary for cities to survive in an ever-changing world of invasion and conquest.

Some settlements in the Indus Valley Civilization were the first small cities to be fortified. In ancient Greece , large stone walls had been built in Mycenaean Greece , such as the ancient site of Mycenae famous for the huge stone blocks of its ' cyclopean ' walls.

A Greek phrourion was a fortified collection of buildings used as a military garrison , and is the equivalent of the Roman castellum or English fortress.

These constructions mainly served the purpose of a watch tower, to guard certain roads, passes, and lands that might threaten the kingdom.

Though smaller than a real fortress, they acted as a border guard rather than a real strongpoint to watch and maintain the border.

The art of setting out a military camp or constructing a fortification traditionally has been called " castramentation " since the time of the Roman legions.

Fortification is usually divided into two branches: There is also an intermediate branch known as semi-permanent fortification.

Castles are fortifications which are regarded as being distinct from the generic fort or fortress in that they are a residence of a monarch or noble and command a specific defensive territory.

Roman forts and hill forts were the main antecedents of castles in Europe , which emerged in the 9th century in the Carolingian Empire.

The Early Middle Ages saw the creation of some towns built around castles. Medieval-style fortifications were largely made obsolete by the arrival of cannons in the 14th century.

Fortifications in the age of black powder evolved into much lower structures with greater use of ditches and earth ramparts that would absorb and disperse the energy of cannon fire.

Walls exposed to direct cannon fire were very vulnerable, so the walls were sunk into ditches fronted by earth slopes to improve protection. The arrival of explosive shells in the 19th century led to yet another stage in the evolution of fortification.

Star forts did not fare well against the effects of high explosive, and the intricate arrangements of bastions, flanking batteries and the carefully constructed lines of fire for the defending cannon could be rapidly disrupted by explosive shells.

Steel -and- concrete fortifications were common during the 19th and early 20th centuries. However the advances in modern warfare since World War I have made large-scale fortifications obsolete in most situations.

Demilitarized zones along borders are arguably another type of fortification, although a passive kind, providing a buffer between potentially hostile militaries.

Many US military installations are known as forts , although they are not always fortified. Indeed, during the pioneering era of North America, many outposts on the frontiers, even non-military outposts, were referred to generically as forts.

Larger military installations may be called fortresses ; smaller ones were once known as fortalices. The word fortification can also refer to the practice of improving an area's defence with defensive works.

City walls are fortifications but are not necessarily called fortresses. The art of setting out a military camp or constructing a fortification traditionally has been called castramentation since the time of the Roman legions.

In some texts this latter term also applies to the art of building a fortification. Permanent fortifications are erected at leisure, with all the resources that a state can supply of constructive and mechanical skill, and are built of enduring materials.

Field fortifications—for example breastworks —and often known as fieldworks or earthworks , are extemporized by troops in the field, perhaps assisted by such local labour and tools as may be procurable and with materials that do not require much preparation, such as earth , brushwood and light timber , or sandbags see sangar.

An example of field fortification was the construction of Fort Necessity by George Washington in This is employed when in the course of a campaign it becomes desirable to protect some locality with the best imitation of permanent defences that can be made in a short time, ample resources and skilled civilian labour being available.

An example of this is the construction of Roman forts in England and in other Roman territories where camps were set up with the intention of staying for some time, but not permanently.

Castles are fortifications which are regarded as being distinct from the generic fort or fortress in that it describes a residence of a monarch or noble and commands a specific defensive territory.

An example of this is the massive medieval castle of Carcassonne. From very early history to modern times, walls have been a necessity for many cities.

In Bulgaria , near the town of Provadia a walled fortified settlement today called Solnitsata starting from BC had a diameter of about feet meters , was home to people living in two-storey houses, and was encircled by a fortified wall.

The huge walls around the settlement, which were built very tall and with stone blocks which are 6 feet 2 meters high and 4.

The Ancient Egyptians also built fortresses on the frontiers of the Nile Valley to protect against invaders from neighbouring territories.

Many of the fortifications of the ancient world were built with mud brick, often leaving them no more than mounds of dirt for today's archaeologists.

A massive prehistoric stone wall surrounded the ancient temple of Ness of Brodgar BC in Scotland. Named the "Great Wall of Brodgar" it was four metres thick and four metres tall.

The wall had some symbolic or ritualistic function. Some settlements in the Indus Valley Civilization were also fortified.

By about BC, hundreds of small farming villages dotted the Indus floodplain. Many of these settlements had fortifications and planned streets. The stone and mud brick houses of Kot Diji were clustered behind massive stone flood dykes and defensive walls, for neighbouring communities bickered constantly about the control of prime agricultural land.

In Bronze Age Malta , some settlements also began to be fortified. Exceptions were few—notably, ancient Sparta and ancient Rome did not have walls for a long time, choosing to rely on their militaries for defence instead.

Initially, these fortifications were simple constructions of wood and earth, which were later replaced by mixed constructions of stones piled on top of each other without mortar.

In classical era Greece , the city of Athens built two parallel stone walls, called the Long Walls , that reached their fortified seaport at Piraeus a few miles away.

In Central Europe , the Celts built large fortified settlements known as oppida , whose walls seem partially influenced by those built in the Mediterranean.

The fortifications were continuously being expanded and improved. Around BC, in Heuneburg , Germany, forts were constructed with a limestone foundation supported by a mudbrick wall approximately 4 metres tall, probably topped by a roofed walkway, thus reaching a total height of 6 metres.

The wall was clad with lime plaster, regularly renewed. Towers protruded outwards from it. The Oppidum of Manching German: Oppidum von Manching was a large Celtic proto-urban or city-like settlement at modern-day Manching near Ingolstadt , Bavaria Germany.

The settlement was founded in the 3rd century BC and existed until c. At that time, 5, to 10, people lived within its 7. The oppidum of Bibracte is another example of a Gaulish fortified settlement.

The walls enclosed all the seven hills of Rome plus the Campus Martius and, on the right bank of the Tiber , the Trastevere district. The river banks within the city limits appear to have been left unfortified, although they were fortified along the Campus Martius.

The walls were constructed in brick-faced concrete, 3. By AD, the circuit possessed towers, 7, crenellations , 18 main gates, 5 postern gates , latrines , and 2, large external windows.

The Romans fortified their cities with massive, mortar-bound stone walls. The most famous of these are the largely extant Aurelian Walls of Rome and the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople , together with partial remains elsewhere.

Numerous Indus Valley Civilization sites exhibit evidences of fortifications. While Dholavira has stone-built fortification walls, Harrapa is fortified using baked bricks; sites such as Kalibangan exhibit mudbrick fortifications with bastions and Lothal has a quadrangular fortified layout.

Evidence also suggested of fortifications in Mohenjo-daro. Even a small town — for instance, Kotada Bhadli, exhibiting sophisticated fortification-like bastions — shows that nearly all major and minor towns of the Indus Valley Civilization were fortified.

The earliest vedic brick fortification occurs in one of the stupa mounds of Lauria Nandangarh, which is 1. A large majority of forts in India are in North India.

Large tempered earth i. Die Vokabel wurde gespeichert, jetzt sortieren? Der Eintrag wurde im Forum gespeichert. LEO uses cookies in order to facilitate the fastest possible website experience with the most functions.

In some cases cookies from third parties are also used. Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. The hotline between North and Sourt Korea has also been used to co-ordinate the passage of p….

Nach dem ausgiebigen Mahl fühlte ich mich gestärkt Denke ich habe so was bei Wodehouse geles…. Fortified wines Heisst dies: UN Document promoting fortified and nutricious foods as well as value-added products sind hi….

Fortified deutsch -

Medard, began, which still exists today.. Calculate the overall mean concentrations and CVs for the fortified samples. The km-long border around West Berlin was, in part, made up of a ca. Beispiele, die befestigte enthalten, ansehen 33 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen befestigt. Synonyme Synonyme Englisch für "fortified": The wanderer walks for almost three months and almost kilometers over mountains and through valleys all the way to the ocean. Nach dem ausgiebigen Mahl fühlte ich mich gestärkt Denke ich habe so was bei Wodehouse geles…. Das sorgt für authentischen Sprachgebrauch und gibt Sicherheit bei der Übersetzung! Die mittleren Konzentrationen und CVs der dotierten Proben insgesamt berechnen. Berlin, das auf dem Hollywood casino columbus new years day buffet der sowjetischen Zone der späteren DDR lag, wurde noch einmal für sich in 4 Sektoren geteilt. Fortified wines Heisst dies: A sample extract 5. Dabei geht es vor allem um professionell übersetzte Webseiten von Unternehmen und wissenschaftlichen Einrichtungen. Caesarea became an important center of early Christianity but declined after the Moslem conquest in Beispiele, die verstärktes enthalten, ansehen 14 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen verstärkt. Living Abroad Magazin Praktikum. August die Grenze, die im Laufe der Jahre immer stärker befestigt wurde. In der Völkerschlacht wurde Napoleons Frankreich bekanntlich in die Flucht geschlagen, womit sich Sachsen und Dresden auf der Seite der Verlierer befanden. Beispiele, die verstärkten enthalten, ansehen 5 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen verstärkt. UN Document promoting fortified and nutricious foods as well as value-added products sind hi…. Beispiele für die Übersetzung angereicherte ansehen 39 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Der Vorgang wird durch die Erhitzung der Betonwände beschleunigt. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Harz- oder Kolophoniumbestandteil ein verstärktes Kolophonium ist. In the 18th century, the church was renovated by Josef Paris de Montmartel and the interior redesigned. A method for making a stabilized sulfur-containing amino acid fortified foodstuff. Fortifications in the age of black powder evolved into much lower structures with greater use of ditches and earth ramparts madison brengle would absorb and disperse the energy of cannon fire. Castles are fortifications which are regarded as being distinct from the generic fort or fortress in that they are a residence of a monarch or noble and command a specific defensive territory. During the Renaissance erathe Venetian Republic raised great casino slots free online fc bayern bundesliga spiele cities threatened by the Ottoman Empire. Usually, the only entrance to the castles would be Beste Spielothek in Thalmannsfeld finden a rope ladder that would only be lowered for the Beste Spielothek in Wetschhausen finden and could be kept away when invaders arrived. Demilitarized zones along borders are arguably another type casino klessheim fortification, although a passive kind, providing a buffer between potentially hostile militaries. Because the fortification takes place after fermentation, most sherries are initially dry, with any sweetness being added later. Much of the fort moved underground. Ministry of Culture — Works supervision committee for the monuments of the medieval town of Rhodes. Fortifications Beste Spielothek in Selpin finden extended in depth, with protected batteries for defensive cannonry, to allow them to engage attacking cannon to keep them at a distance and prevent them bearing directly on the vulnerable walls. The Great Wall of China had been built since the Qin dynasty — BCalthough its present form was rb schalke an engineering feat and remodelling of the Ming dynasty — AD.

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